About the plant

     Cinnamon grows up to 15-20m high, with strong branches and thick scabrous bark with young shoots speckled greeny-orange leave. The trees are allowed to grow unless they turn to uniform brown by formation of cork. Harvesting is done in rainy season. The leaves have a spicy smell when bruised. Essential oil extracted by water or steam distillation from the leaves and twigs.
  • Sanskrit  :  Darusita
  • Oriya  :  Dalchini
  • Hindi  :  Dalchini
  • Greekk  :  Kinnámōmon
  • Malayalam  :  Karuva
  • French  :  Cannelle
  • Persian  :  Darchin
  • Turkish  :  Tarçın
  • Telugu  :  Dalchini chekka
  • Kannada  :  Mendium, Ventaiyam
  • English  :  Cinnamon bark
  • Urdu  :  Methi

Part UsedBark

Chemical Constituents- Contains cinnamaldehyde, eugenol, benzaldehyde, cuminaldehyde, phellandrene, pinene, cymene, caryophyllene etc.

Chemical Structure-

Chemical Structuregraph1

Therapeutic applications

Anti-Microbial Activity

  • Cinnamon’s essential oils act as an “anti-microbial agent” which is used to stop the growth of bacteria as well as fungi.
  • It is published in Bulletin of Insectology 61 (1): 1-4, 2008 that antimicrobial activity of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) essential oil and its main components against Paenibacillus larvae from Argentine.
  • Ground cinnamon is used in diarrhea and dysentery; for cramps of the stomach, gastric irritation; for checking nausea and vomiting; used externally in toothache, neuralgia and rheumatism.

Antidiabetic Activity

  • In Ayurveda and in folklore medicine, cinnamon is used for the treatment of diabetes. Researcher demonstrates that cinnamon reported to reduce the blood glucose level in non-insulin dependent diabetes.

Anti-oxidant property

  • Due to having anti-oxidant property cinnamon & it’s essential oil have been used as preservative in food.

Antibacterial property

  • Essential oil of Cinnamon used against the Gram-positive bacteria Enterococcus faecalis, Bacillus cereus, and also against the gram negative bacteria like E. Coli, Aspergillus niger etc.

In Medicinal Preparation

  • The bark is included in medicinal preparations for indigestion, flatulence, flu, mouth washes, gargles, herbal teas.

Other Application

  • Bark is used as carminative, astringent, antispasmodic, expectorant, and haemostatic, antiseptic.
  • Leaf is used as Antidiabetic.

Therapeutics uses in Ayurveda

  • Arsa(Piles)
  • Hridroga(cardiac ailments)
  • Krimiroga(Worm infections),
  • Mukhasosa(Dry mouth/sore mouth)
  • Kanthamukharoga(Throat and oral diseases),
  • Pinasa(Sinusitis, Coriza)
  • Vastiroga(Colorectal Diseases)